All You Need To Know About Walnut Wood

Posted at 5:00 pm • 28 May 2020 • Ray from Kraywoods

Walnut wood is a popular exotic hardwood, valued and loved for its strength, durability, and vibrant and rich brown colours. The adaptability of walnut wood makes it a top choice for furniture, such as formal office furniture and mid-century contemporary designs. The furniture made with walnut wood is so impressive that it will never fall short of the mark. For furniture lovers, walnut wood is like a dream because it is easy to work with and finishes nicely. There are different types of walnut wood trees. But only a few are native to North America. Which is the Eastern Black Walnut, and that is also known as American Black Walnut or American Walnut. Okay! So let's check out some of the features, characteristics, and some other attributes of walnut woods.

Walnut Wood Sunglasses

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Characteristics of Walnut Wood  

✔ Stable and solid
✔ Durable, robust but not heavy
✔ Good shock resistance
✔ Easy to work for carving and turning
✔ This wood glues and nails very well
✔ It has decent bending qualities
✔ Several unique colours
✔ Fine and equitably straight grain

Grain Pattern of Walnut Wood

Walnut wood has an excellent and straight grain, which is a bit abrasive in texture. It sometimes features swellings or some irregularities, perhaps including some waves or curls. A "crotch grain" can ensue naturally where the tree branches causing the wood fibres to fold. Each year a new yearly ring tries to fit in the space left, and the creases continue to form where the wood is flattened. A burl comes from protrusions on the tree that resemble warts if you do. Burl is created from the abnormal division of growth cells, providing a way for the tree to grow new branches if it requires. A burl in the grain of walnut wood is similar to a compact swirly shape. Walnut is distinctive with a grain pattern between protuberant oak and the uniform texture of maple.

Colours of Walnut Wood

The colours of walnut wood differ based on which portion of the tree the wood originates. Sapwood is the outmost part of a tree. In a walnut tree, the sapwood colours range from yellow and grey to nearly creamy white. The heartwood of any tree is the most innermost part of a tree. In a walnut tree, the heartwood moves down to the nitty-gritty with vibrant colours. It comprises a variety of light browns and dark browns with some grays, reddish rays, purplish hues, and dark streaks contained within.

Colours of walnut wood

Differences between Walnut Wood and Oak Wood

✔  Woodgrain

Walnut has straighter grain, whereas oak wood has prominent grain shape. Additionally, it has a unique appearance with the wavy grain.


✔  Colour

Oak is a bright-coloured wood that provides a variety of light to medium brown tones. On the other hand, walnut is dark wood, with a shade that ranges from pale to dark browns.


✔  Durability

Both the walnut and oak woods are robust, durable, and supportive.


✔  Price

Walnut wood is considered as premium quality wood, and it is expensive compared to any other wood. In long lengths, walnut timber is generally not available, and it usually has more knots and snaps comparing to different sorts of woods. So it requires purchasing many forests to make furniture that makes it more expensive.


Walnut wood as furniture

✔ Walnut woods sometimes used as an executive office or formal furniture

✔ Sometimes finished with a natural or dark stain to complement the dark shades

✔ Walnut wood is a hardwood that is valued for the grain, colour, and strength

✔ Walnut wood has a smooth finish

walnut wood vs oak wood

Some Secrets About Walnut Woods

Have you ever heard before that cheery wood gets darken over time? But walnut wood gets lighter, as it ages. Vibrant honey colour might get through. This colour change is not as marked as the patina that develops in the cherry wood. For making a musical instrument, walnut wood can be a great choice. And this wood has been used in violin and guitars. And also, walnut wood is a great choice too for steam bending.

Some common FAQs about walnut wood

✔  What Color is Walnut Wood?

Most of the people are familiar with walnut wood with its dark colour pattern that can be a coffee or deep chocolate colour. But the thing is that's the dark wood native to North America. Unlike maple, oak, or cherry, walnut wood gets lightened over time.


✔  Why the colours of walnut woods change over time?

Many things help to change the natural colour of walnut wood. Like - the elements will sometimes lighten dark wood or darken light wood. So the exposure of sun over the years generally causes walnut wood furniture to lighten.


✔  What are the common uses of walnut woods?

People around the world use walnut woods for knickknacks, gunstocks, and carvings. And also for furniture, cabinets, flooring, wood veneers and most importantly, wooden sunglasses.


✔  Is walnut a softwood or hardwood?

There is a common misconception about softwood and hardwood that it someway indicates the robustness of the wood or their resistances to damage like friction or denting. But the thing is hardwood means those woods that came from a dicot tree like a broad-leaf variety, while "softwood" refers to those woods that come from gymnosperm trees, like conifers.


✔  How hard or dense is walnut wood?

If you are worried about the durability of wood, you may also use the term "toughness." However, it refers to the Janka hardness test. Walnut wood denotes 1,010 lbf or 1,010 Janka. For assessment, cherry is 995 Janka, and the hard maple is 1,450 Janka, whereas the red oak is 1,290 Janka, and the white oak is 1,360 Janka.


✔  How to identify if the furniture you have is made from walnut wood?

Many people have this common question in their mind. The best way to tell whether the furniture you have is made from walnut wood or not is to buy it from a renowned or reputed furniture shop. The reason is many types of woods looks like walnut wood or might be altered to mimic another type. The real and authentic woods usually have some colour variations.


Watch Below: Wood Worker's Guide To Walnut Wood